History and techniques of faience making Version française


 Faience is a piece of clay that has been fired and glazed with a tin-based enamel solution that  gives it that typical white and shiny finish.

Faience is one of the oldest and most common techniques used in ceramic making. Due to its components, faience belongs to the group of  ceramics. Indeed, ceramics is a general term covering faience, fine faience pottery,  china, fine stoneware and  celadon. Faience is a porous type of ceramics which is less dense, less musical and altogether less shock-resistant than stoneware or chinaware. In the long run, china did take over faience.

When faience was discovered in the 9th century and spread to Europe during the Renaissance period, it was seen as a major technical progress. For the first time potters could be free from decors made using cut-out or partitioned colouring. Since colours could now be applied with a paintbrush, potters became painters.

In this section, you can find more information on the history and work of the Royal Manufacture of Samadet, the different phases of the faience making process, the history and evolution of  tableware and table habits or even the history of gastronomy. In addition you will find a panorama of ceramics in France.